DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone, and is a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands and some of it is also produced by the ovaries and testes. DHEA is responsible for the regulation of sex hormones in both men and women estrogen in females and testosterone in males. DHEA also has a critical role in the production of insulin growth factor-1 IGF-1a hormone that helps with muscle growth and insulin sensitivity.
The levels of this hormone are high in newborn babies, then quickly drop. They rise again during puberty, where these play a significant role in triggering the development of pubic and underarm hair.
An abnormality in the level of DHEAS could be indicative of certain dysfunction in the development of sexual characteristics and could also mean the onset of chronic health conditions such as diabetes. If an individual shows at least one of these signs and symptoms associated with hormonal imbalance, the doctor would prescribe a DHEAS test. Some of the common visible symptoms of abnormal DHEAS level in women are: — Irregular or absence of menstrual cycle — Facial hair — Excessive acne — Hair loss — Infertility — Development of male features such as deep voice, male pattern baldness etc.
Excessive DHEA level is often not easily spotted in men. This test is often recommended for women having some male sexual charateristics and boys who reach puberty too soon. No special preparations are needed for this test as this test is conducted the same way as any other blood test.
In teenage girls, doctors may request that the test be performed either before or after a menstrual period, as menstruation may affect DHEA hormone levels. You also need to inform your doctor what medications or supplements you are on, as some of them could affect the DHEA level in the body.
The procedure is similar to any other simple blood test. A bandage will be placed on the site to prevent further bleeding. The blood sample will then be sent to a lab for analysis. This is a normal blood sample collection routine. You might feel a slight stinging sensation when the needle is inserted. Some people might feel slight dizziness when the blood is being extracted.
These are minor side-effects of the blood collection process and will not persist for more than a few minutes. There might be some mild bruising at the site of the injection which usually goes away in a day. In case, there is excessive bleeding or infection at the site of injection, contact doctor immediately.
Consult your doctor for the same since the requirement is different based on age, gender, and medical history. During pregnancy, the level of DHEAS in the blood rises because the placenta also produces this hormone. It is recommended during pregnancy as a part of routine check-up for fetal wellbeing. The test results are typically available within a days of the test. Further tests would be required in order to accurately diagnose the exact reason for the elevated DHEA level: — Congenital adrenal hyperplasia a common genetic disorder — Adrenal gland tumors benign or malignant — Polycystic ovarian syndrome — Adrenal Carcinoma malignancy in adrenal gland outer layer.
Generally speaking, most hormone levels fluctuate throughout the day and also in the presence of certain stressors. For women, the hormonal fluctuation is high during the period of menstruation.DHEAS, or dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, is a form of the androgenic hormone DHEA that has a sulfate molecule one sulfur and four oxygen atoms attached to it.
DHEAS is secreted by the adrenal glands and is the most abundant circulating steroid hormone in humans. It is converted into either estrogen or testosterone in the body. Following adrenarche, DHEAS levels increase, peaking around age 20 to 30, then declining over the next several decades. Since DHEAS levels naturally decline with age, some women take DHEA supplements, which are purported to reduce signs of aging, improve bone density, ease depression and improve libido. These changes, however, are typically not significant enough to impact clinical treatment of PCOS or create confusion in diagnosing PCOS or secondary conditions.
Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Goodarzi, M. Premature adrenarche: novel lessons from early onset androgen excess.
Eur J Endocrinol. Serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in assessing the integrity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. J Clin Transl Endocrinol. Published Jan Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Related Articles. Mighty Testosterone Is Essential for All. The Health Benefits of Butea Superba.DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone. It is a weak male hormone androgen produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. A blood sample is needed. No special preparation is necessary. When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain. Others feel only a prick or sting. Afterward, there may be some throbbing or a slight bruise.
This soon goes away.
This test is done to check the function of the two adrenal glands. One of these glands sits above each kidney. They are one of the major sources of androgens in women. Although DHEA-sulfate is the most abundant hormone in the body, its exact function is still not known.
The DHEA-sulfate test is often done in women who show signs of having excess male hormones. Some of these signs are male body changes, excess hair growth, oily skin, acne, irregular periods, or problems becoming pregnant. It may also be done in women who are concerned about low libido or decreased sexual satisfaction who have pituitary or adrenal gland disorders. The test is also done in children who are maturing too early precocious puberty. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories.
Some labs use different measurements or test different specimens. Talk to your health care provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
DHEA levels normally decline with age in both men and women. There is no reliable evidence that taking DHEA supplements prevents aging-related conditions. There is little risk involved with having your blood taken.
Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a blood sample from some people may be more difficult than from others. Other risks associated with having blood drawn are slight, but may include:. Precocious puberty. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric.
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Nakamoto J. Endocrine testing.DHEAS stands for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. DHEAS is a male sex hormone that is found in both men and women. DHEAS plays an important role in making the male sex hormone testosterone and the female sex hormone estrogen. DHEAS is mostly made in the adrenal glands, two small glands located above your kidneys.
They help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other body functions.
If your DHEAS levels are not normal, it may mean there is a problem with your adrenal glands or sex organs testicles or ovaries. These include testosterone tests for men and estrogen tests for women. Baby girls may also need testing if they have genitals that are not clearly male or female in appearance ambiguous genitalia.
Boys may need this test if they have signs of early puberty. A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial.
You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes. There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.
Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results. DHEA sulfate levels normally decline with age in both men and women.
Over-the-counter DHEA sulfate supplements are available and are sometimes promoted as an anti-aging therapy. But there is no reliable evidence to support these anti-aging claims. In fact, these supplements may cause serious side effects. If you have questions about DHEA supplements, talk to your health care provider.
The medical information provided is for informational purposes only, and is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your health care provider with questions you may have regarding medical conditions or the interpretation of test results.
What is a DHEA sulfate test? What is it used for? A DHEA sulfate DHEAS test is most often used to: Find out if your adrenal glands are working right Diagnose tumors of the adrenal glands Diagnose disorders of the testicles or ovaries Find out the cause of early puberty in boys Find out the cause of excess body hair growth and development of masculine features in women and girls A DHEAS test is often done along with other sex hormone tests.
Symptoms of high levels of DHEAS in women and girls may include: Excess body and facial hair growth Deepening of voice Menstrual irregularities Acne Increased muscularity Hair loss at the top of the head Baby girls may also need testing if they have genitals that are not clearly male or female in appearance ambiguous genitalia.
What happens during a DHEA sulfate test? Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test? Are there any risks to the test? What do the results mean?Conceptual physics chapter 4 assessment answers
If your results show high levels of DHEA sulfate DHEASit may mean you have one of the following conditions: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, an inherited disorder of the adrenal glands A tumor of the adrenal gland. It may be benign noncancerous or cancerous. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS.
PCOS is a common hormone disorder affecting childbearing women. It is one of the leading causes of female infertility.
Addison disease is a disorder in which the adrenal glands are not able to make enough of certain hormones. Hypopituitarisma condition in which the pituitary gland does not make enough pituitary hormones If you have questions about your results, talk to your provider.Help and FAQs.
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A simple finger-prick blood test to measure the level of adrenal hormone DHEA sulphate in the blood. If you want a simple finger-prick test that can measure your level of this androgen hormone, this is the test for you.
Blood sample 1 biomarker included 2 working days turnaround from sample receipt at lab. What's included? Biomarker profile Adrenal Hormones. Adrenal Hormones 1 Biomarker.DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone. It is a weak male hormone androgen produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. No special preparation is necessary. When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain.
Others feel only a prick or sting. Afterward, there may be some throbbing or a slight bruise. This soon goes away. This test is done to check the function of the two adrenal glands. One of these glands sits above each kidney. They are one of the major sources of androgens in women.
Although DHEA-sulfate is the most abundant hormone in the body, its exact function is still not known. The DHEA-sulfate test is often done in women who show signs of having excess male hormones.
Some of these signs are male body changes, excess hair growth, oily skin, acne, irregular periods, or problems becoming pregnant. It may also be done in women who are concerned about low libido or decreased sexual satisfaction who have pituitary or adrenal gland disorders. The test is also done in children who are maturing too early precocious puberty. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different specimens.Cat 305 5e
Talk to your health care provider about the meaning of your specific test results. DHEA levels normally decline with age in both men and women. There is no reliable evidence that taking DHEA supplements prevents aging-related conditions.
There is little risk involved with having your blood taken. Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a blood sample from some people may be more difficult than from others. Precocious puberty. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Nakamoto J. Endocrine testing.
Reproductive endocrinology and related disorders.To help evaluate whether your adrenal glands are working properly; to detect adrenal tumors or cancers; to help determine the cause of masculine physical characteristics virilization in girls and women or early puberty in boys.
When a girl or woman has excess facial and body hair hirsutismacne, absence of menstrual periods amenorrheaor when a woman is unable to get pregnant infertility ; when a boy shows signs of very early precocious puberty such as deeper voice, pubic hair, or muscle development.
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate DHEAS is a male sex hormone androgen that is present in both men and women. DHEAS is produced almost exclusively by the adrenal glandswith smaller amounts being produced by a woman's ovaries and a man's testicles. Adrenal tumors cancerous and non-cancerous and enlargement of an adrenal gland hyperplasia can lead to an increased level of DHEAS.
The test for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate DHEAS is ordered along with tests for testosterone and several other male hormones androgens to:. In women, DHEAS levels are often measured, along with other hormones such as FSHLHprolactinestrogenand testosterone, to help diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS and to help rule out other causes of infertilitylack of menstrual period amenorrheaand excess hair on the face and body hirsutism.
DHEAS levels may be ordered with other hormones to investigate and diagnose the cause of the development of masculine physical characteristics virilization in young girls and early precocious puberty in young boys. DHEAS levels are not routinely measured. These can vary in severity and may include:. It may also be ordered when a girl has genitals that are not distinctly male or female in appearance ambiguous genitalia. DHEAS may also be measured when young boys show signs of early precocious puberty, the development of a deeper voice, pubic hair, muscularity, and an enlarged penis well before the age of normal puberty.
A normal DHEAS level, in addition to other normal male hormone levels, likely indicates that your adrenal glands are functioning normally. Rarely, DHEAS may be normal when an adrenal tumor or cancer is present but is not producing excess hormones. It usually indicates the need for further testing to pinpoint the cause of the hormone imbalance. Some hormones are increased in the morning while others rise and fall throughout the day.
Some are released intermittently or with increased activity or in response to stress. Some hormones are higher at particular times of the month, and others are relatively stable. Blood sample collection for some hormone tests are timed so that the hormones can be evaluated at their highest or lowest levels. The DHEAS concentration, however, is stable, so your sample may be collected any time of day and it will not affect the result of the test.
Not necessarily. It may be difficult to determine when adult men have an elevated level of DHEAS since they already have masculine secondary sexual characteristics and women of some ethnic groups for example, Asian women may have elevated levels of testosterone and DHEAS without exhibiting symptoms such as excess hair growth or acne. Also, it should be noted that symptoms and their severity will vary from person to person. No, the testing requires specialized equipment and is not performed in every laboratory.Newspaper south africa archives
Your blood may need to be sent to a reference laboratory for testing. DHEAS levels are normally high in both male and female newborns. They drop sharply shortly after birth, then rise again during puberty.
DHEAS concentrations peak after puberty, and then, like other male and female hormones, the levels tend to decline with age. Certain antidiabetic drugs such as metformin and troglitazoneprolactin, danazol, calcium channel blockers, and nicotine may also increase DHEAS levels.DHEA: the critical hormone many ignore \u0026 why you shouldn't
It is important to inform your healthcare provider when taking any of these medications or supplements. You may be able to find your test results on your laboratory's website or patient portal. However, you are currently at Lab Tests Online. You may have been directed here by your lab's website in order to provide you with background information about the test s you had performed.
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